On November 10, 1990, more than 350 Santa Feans joined the College community in a public dedication ceremony for the newly-completed library. In his opening address, campus President John Agresto succinctly captured the importance of this long-anticipated day: “Now, with the addition of a central library to our campus, we have a fitting and appropriate place to house the books that are the heart of the St. John’s educational mission.”
Among the speakers that day were Werner Gundersheimer, director of the Folger Shakespeare Library; Jerome LaPides, Chairman of the Board Library Construction Committee; Thomas C. Phelps, Assistant Director for Library Programs at the National Endowment for the Humanities; Student Polity President Maura Donnelly (SF’91); Vice President for Advancement Jeffrey Morgan; architect Lorn Tryk; contractor Stan Davis; and library consultant Lisa Carey. Grateful acknowledgment was made to the many individuals whose efforts had finally brought this vision into being, including tutor and chair of the Campus Planning Committee Steve Van Luchene, Acting Librarian Tracey Kimball, and campus Treasurer Bryan Valentine, who “monitored the project with scrupulous care and good humor throughout its planning, development, and construction phases.” Other individuals receiving special mention were Katherine Galvin and Florence Goutlesque; Edward Hoessler of Stan Davis & Associates, Contractor; and Board members Owen Lopez, Mara Robinson, and John Wirth.
And in poignant addition to all of these others was one particularly special guest of honor: Nancy Meem Wirth, the daughter of Faith and John Meem. Nearly thirty years had passed since the first fateful encounter between Richard Weigle and the Meems at their home in Santa Fe in late January of 1961. Now, at long last, the final essential piece of the original campus vision had fallen into place. On that brisk November day the newest building on campus was dedicated, gratefully and fittingly, the Faith and John Meem Library. Nancy Wirth cut the entrance ribbon, the doors were opened, and—in a space that very soon would come to be known for its welcoming silence—the celebration began.
On October 26th, 1990, campus President John Agresto cancelled all classes for the day, and the College community rallied “in what President Agresto called a ‘booket brigade’ to move the books into the new building. Acting Librarian Tracey Kimball oversaw 250 volunteers with book bags, carts, and trucks as they moved more than 50,000 volumes in about six hours. The library’s shelving capacity is 90,000 volumes.” (The St. John’s Reporter, December 1990)
With the College community’s shared vision now in place, the firm of McHugh, Lloyd & Tryk Architects set to work on the design of what would ultimately take shape as our present 24,414 square foot library. Among the architects who contributed to this project was David Perrigo, who twenty years later would design the Santa Fe campus’s Winiarski Student Center.
For the library’s construction the College contracted with builder Stan Davis, a prominent Santa Fean who two years later would, like Faith Meem, be honored as a Santa Fe Living Treasure. Stan’s long building career had involved diverse projects throughout the region, including post-war housing in Los Alamos, the Benedictine Monastery in Pecos, Christ in the Desert Monastery in Abiquiu, and much of the Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs. Locally, Stan’s resume included a collaboration with John Gaw Meem on the 1974 restoration of the Santa Fe Plaza, as well as a repair of the portal of the Plaza’s singularly significant Palace of the Governors, the oldest public building in the nation (built in 1610), after it was damaged by a car crash.
And nowhere is Stan Davis’s character more evident than in our own library. All those who enter this quiet space soon find their attention drawn upwards towards the distinctively New Mexican hand-decorated beams gracing its ceilings. These roof beams–carved by Ricardo Russo, a local priest who also carved beam replacements for the Cristo Rey Catholic Church, another John Gaw Meem building just off Canyon Road–were Stan’s personal gift to the College.
The beams are just one of the many intentional architectural touches that combine to make this library such a beautiful and appealing reading space. No one has put this careful intentionality into words more eloquently than Lisa Carey, in an article she wrote for The St. John’s Reporter in conjunction with the library’s opening:
Anyone who has participated in a St. John’s seminar understands that it is a vital center in the life of the College. It is a lively, public exchange, united around a common purpose and a common table. The success of a seminar depends on a student’s ability to take part in a sustained and meaningful conversation about a book. However, to do this a student must have an initial exchange with a book that is private, focused, and reflective. This part of our activity that is internal and contemplative is as central to the life of the College as is seminar, and it is this way of being with the books that the library is concerned with above all.
Just as the seminar is focused around a common table, it is fitting that a building devoted to contemplative activity should exhibit a strong internal focus or center. Our intention was that the building itself should be sited so as to create a second center on campus. The placita to the front campus is surrounded by the Peterson Student Center, the administrative building, Weigle Hall, and two classroom buildings. This is the public center, where most people enter the College proper. The library and the plaza to the front of it create a second, more private center to the back of campus and is bordered by the south side of Peterson, the Fine Arts Building, and the open space at the foot of Monte Sol. Once a student arrives here and enters the library, the building should lead him away from the public activities of life at the College and inward. Our wish was to build a strong building with a strong momentum inward toward a focal point that was serenely beautiful and which played a symbolic and functional role.
We also wanted to make use of one of New Mexico’s finest assets—its light—as a principal aesthetic feature of the building, as a symbol of education and functionally, to help illuminate the building. The architects’ solution was to design a building that one approaches through a broad, deep-set plaza. As one enters, one passes through a succession of transitional spaces—a vestibule, lobby and catalog area which have the effect of drawing one away from the rest of campus into a qualitatively different kind of space—a large, central atrium that is streaming with soft, indirect, natural light. This is achieved through the use of a Kal-Wal skylight, which is constructed of two sheets of translucent fiberglass and an internal aluminum frame separated by spun glass. The effect of the skylight is rather like a shoji screen.
Around the atrium, books, reading rooms, and professional services are organized. In this connection it should be mentioned that after having developed a design with a large, central atrium it seemed obvious to use this space for bookstacks. Doing so would have fulfilled a preference of the librarians to house the complete collection on the first floor. Yet this sensible idea was at odds with our notion of developing a contemplative center as well as with the College’s most important understanding of itself. To place bookstacks in a strong central space would have been tantamount to building a tabernacle to the books; it would have effectively claimed that the College venerates the books in themselves. The books that comprise our program of study do not propound a specific, singular doctrine. Rather they challenge and disagree with one another in untidy and wrenching ways. What they hold in common is that they ask the most important questions that thoughtful human beings have asked and provide the most substantial answers to these questions. Together they proclaim a tradition—a tradition that is shared and continued by the College—that it is reason that moves us from opinion to knowledge. While our esteem for these books is unquestioned, to create a sort of tabernacle to them would be on the order of sacrilege to those who know and understand the College. We simply do not venerate shelved books no matter how antiquated or fine their editions, no matter who their author. It is the engagement of the reader and the book that is at the center of the College’s understanding of itself. It is fitting therefore that the function of the central atrium is to provide space for readers and to bring light into the building. A second important aesthetic goal was that the building should attempt to convey an institutional identity that is not otherwise apparent in the campus architecture—that of a College devoted to the classical tradition of liberal education. We wanted it to be clear as one enters and uses the facility that this library is unique because of its specialized collection, its understanding of the place of contemplation in the life of the College, its acknowledgement of the importance of the reader and its relation to an educational tradition that is classical in origin. While we wanted the building to be compatible with the other buildings on campus and with the regional style of architecture, we also wanted the building to refer to the roots of our program of study. Because territorial architecture is a neoclassical style, it was natural to strengthen the purely classical references in the building. One attempt to do this which constitutes a departure from the rest of campus was to render the columns at the front of the building round rather than square. The architects believe that this speaks directly to classical Greek architecture; others appreciate that it is reminiscent of the columns at the entrance of the library on our sister campus.
At this point, ten years into the new campus’s existence, the College’s expanding library holdings had been in nearly constant motion, migrating almost yearly through basements and lab rooms and women’s dormitories and then back into basements, such that the collection had become widely dispersed around the campus. While the librarians and students and faculty made do as best they could, this made for a less-than-ideal situation. According to one undated evaluation by the Head Librarian:
Lack of anything like adequate study space is a serious, continuing problem. There seems no solution to the problem short of a new building which would provide such space…. The noise level is too high in all areas of the library, and there likewise does not seem to be any solution to that problem short of a well-designed building in which administrative work spaces are separate from shelf stacks and study areas. Telephones will ring, typewriters must be used, and verbal queries from patrons must be answered.
In the meantime, the College and its librarians carried on. In 1980 James Benefiel, who had already worked for the College for several years as a cataloguing librarian, took on the position of Library Director, a position he would hold until 1990. It was during the next decade that the momentum for a new library truly began to build. Richard Weigle had retired from the presidency in 1980, after thirty-one intensely productive years at the College, and under his successor, Edwin Delattre, the prospect of a dedicated library building again appeared on the horizon. The archives shows a conversation in 1984 between Mr. Delattre and Mr. Benefiel explicitly devoted to discussing various visions of a new library. In 1985 a rough cost estimate, based on the original library plans, was worked up, and with further input by the campus library committee and the head librarian, the vision of more than twenty years began to coalesce into the outline of an actual project. A summary of the state of the library at the time is telling:
The collection is now housed in three separate locations on campus: in the Peterson Student Center, the Fine Arts Building, and Weigle Hall. Storage for back issues of periodical titles and for new and gift books is in two rooms in the basement of Peterson Center. Altogether these spaces occupy 8,318 square feet…. With the exception of 6 carrels, 2 tables, and 2 lounge chairs, there are no accommodations for readers in the three library locations. The lack of adequate study space is a serious, continuing problem and it is the expressed desire of the college community that a new facility generously provide for this need…. Finally, the fact that the four staff members are spread out over three locations has caused some inefficiencies and managerial difficulties. Circulation activities occur in three locations rather than one, cataloguing and card production are handled in two locations…. Overall, supervision of a library and a library staff that is spread out over three locations is more time-consuming than it would be for one location.
By 1986, when Michael Riccards assumed the Presidency of the Santa Fe campus, the conversation had grown to include the Faculty, the Campus Planning Committee, the Board of Visitors and Governors, and a Strategic Planning Committee. At this point, a grant application was already in the works with the J.E. and L.E. Mabee Foundation in Tulsa, Oklahoma, created in 1948 by oilman John Mabee and his wife Lottie with the goal of providing philanthropic support to educational, medical, and charitable organizations. According to a Foundation spokesman at the time, “the philosophy of the foundation is that since the Mabees acquired much of their wealth through oil operations in the Southwest, money should be put back into institutions in the Southwest.”
By this time, nearly twenty years after graduating its first class, the fledgling campus had arrived at full adulthood, and it was now able to apply for these grant funds from a position of strength. To quote from a letter to the Foundation drafted for the original grant application:
As you can appreciate, the academic program of St. John’s College relies heavily on the printed word. It has been a continuing frustration to have the College’s 50,000 volumes housed in three separate buildings on our campus.… When the Santa Fe campus was conceived in the early 60s and plans were completed for the buildings, a three-story library was envisioned…. The plans that were prepared in 1963 called for a library with 18,200 square feet—ample capacity for the present and long-term needs. The architectural style of those original plans was in keeping with the other campus buildings—called the Southwest Territorial style. The Library was not built in the early days of the College because of a lack of funds and a need to use all contribution income for current operations…. St. John’s now has the financial stability to allow us to concentrate on finding the resources to build a quality library which can serve the needs of its students now and in the future.
In April of 1988, the College announced that the Mabee Foundation would provide $1 million to St. John’s for a new library, contingent upon the college raising the remaining $1.8 million itself. With this grant offer, which gave the College one year to meet its challenge requirement, the race was now on. The College’s Advancement staff immediately set to work on fundraising, and as has always been the case for this College when there is a capital need, alumni and Board members and faculty and friends of the College all rallied on behalf of the new library. In the course of this broad effort, the College also netted a second significant challenge grant of $250,000 from the Kresge Foundation, yet another powerful vote of confidence in the project and a significant boost to the fundraising effort.
Meanwhile, the Campus Planning Committee carefully reviewed the original 1964 library plans and ultimately concluded that these were now insufficient for the needs of the College. This led to the creation of a steering committee comprised of staff, faculty, Board members, and students whose charge was to develop a detailed program document for the new library. Instrumental in guiding this work was library consultant Lisa Carey, SFGI86, who would work tirelessly on this new campus library project until its completion. In an article Lisa wrote for the St. John’s Reporter in December of 1990, she described these first stages of planning:
While the document addresses various goals for the building—such as the need to provide shelf space for 90,000 books, the need to manage all aspects of operating a high quality library geared to the College’s program of study, as well as the need to stay within a modest budget—it was understood that our principal goal was to provide study space to students. So significant was this goal that the committee made a commitment to provide seating for 50% of the undergraduate and graduate population, or 220 students. This is remarkable as a more typical seating goal for a library facility would be to provide seating for 10 to 15% of the student population.
In addition to the library steering committee, a student library committee was given the task of finding out what kind of seating was desirable to students—carrels, study tables, upholstered furniture or some combination. The committee consisted of six students—Owen Lee, ’90, Kelly Koepke, ’90, Lee Whiting, ’89, Ron Kaplan, ’90, Sarah Maxwell, ’91, and Luke Warren, ’92—all of whom worked tirelessly in their effort to make students’ wishes influential on the design of the building. They prepared a questionnaire which was distributed to the entire student body, and then interviewed students personally. In addition to breaking down student preferences for seating, the committee was also able to learn of students’ most important wish—a quiet, safe, warm 24-hour study space….and it was decided that the building would provide two 24-hour study rooms.
By this time, more than twenty-five years had passed since Richard Weigle’s fateful first meeting with John and Faith Meem, back in February of 1961. John Meem had gone on to serve four terms on the College’s Board of Visitors and Governors, remaining a stalwart supporter of the College and the Santa Fe campus up until the time of his passing on August 4, 1983. Following John’s death, Faith herself was elected to the St. John’s Board in January 1984, and after her first term expired in 1986, she was elected for another three years.
A year later her son-in-law, John Wirth, a professor of Latin American studies at Stanford who had married the Meems’ daughter Nancy, was himself elected to the Board, and both he and Faith became actively involved in the new library project. When Faith passed away on March 23rd, 1989, at the age of 87, she had just attended a Board meeting on the Santa Fe campus the previous Saturday, and she had also been the person to make the final gift completing the funding of the new library, which she would just miss seeing finally come to fruition on the land she and John had donated for the campus nearly thirty years before.
In 1971 the College moved ahead with the construction of a dedicated administration building. Richard Weigle writes:
The need for this was based on the usurpation of classroom space by administrative offices and on the occupation of a floor in the women’s dormitory complex for library purposes. It was thought prudent to consolidate all administrative offices in one building…. On the first floor of the Tower Building, later to become Weigle Hall, were the offices of the dean, the assistant deans, the treasurer, the director of admissions, and the director of financial aid. Upstairs were the offices of the president, the vice president, the director of development, and the director of the Graduate Institute. At the end of the hall was the faculty room, where a large table invited meetings of the faculty and, on occasion, of the Board. In the basement were the heating plant, the duplicating room, and space for 20,000 volumes in an annex to the library.
A note by an unidentified library staff member to Brother Brendan at the Library Center of the College of Santa Fe, dated November 15, 1971, makes reference to the library’s migration to this new space in the weeks before the building’s official opening, as follows:
Alice Whelan is on a short vacation, but I know she would want me to express to you on behalf of all the library staff our sincere thanks for all the masses, novenas, pilgrimages, nocturnal vigils, votives, stations, rosaries, offices, and misericordes you obviously offered up for us on the occasion of our recent library move here at St. John’s. I refuse to dwell on what could have been without those book trucks and ramps; however, we are successfully moved now, and I want to take this opportunity to send our feelings of gratitude to you for the loan of those most practical things. Muchas gracias.
The new Tower Building, with its additional library shelving space, officially opened on December 4th, 1971. Seven months later, the Santa Fe campus received an unexpected boon when Annapolis alumnus Jac Holzman joined the College’s Board of Visitors and Governors. Holzman had founded Elektra records in his student days at St. John’s, later going on to sign some of the greatest musical acts of the time—groups like the Doors and Queen and singers like Carly Simon and Judy Collins, to name just a few. As Weigle tells it:
Jac Holzman came to me in the summer and inquired about the possibility of making a major gift to the College for a building. I recalled that there were plans for the music and fine arts wing of the future library. These I showed to Holzman, and they suited his purposes perfectly. The result was his gift of $300,000 toward the cost of the building…. A dedication was held in October 1973 after the College had already commenced using the building. Books, records, tapes, and scores were moved during the summer into the new music library, which was well equipped with the best listening stations. Elsewhere on the first floor were two music seminar rooms and two practice rooms or offices. The second floor, connected to the upper story of the student center by a bridge, contained a comfortable listening lounge for larger groups of students, an office, and a commodious fine arts studio. As the ground fell away to the south, the lower floor could be used for six practice rooms and a ceramics studio, to say nothing of the space devoted to mechanical equipment. The building made a splendid addition to the physical plant of the College. It was named the Sternberger-Weis Music and Fine Arts Center as a memorial to Jac Holzman’s grandparents, Estelle M. Sternberger and Rabbi J. Max Weis.
This building, referred to commonly in the years since as the “Fine Arts Building,” or “FAB,” was to hold the campus’s growing music collection for the next seventeen years. With a long history of various orchestral, chamber, and vocal ensembles, as well as a world-class opera in existence since 1957, Santa Fe’s devotion to the musical arts vies with its love of the literary arts, and the campus’s collections were soon augmented by regular and substantial donations of vinyl and musical scores from the growing number of Santa Feans who had become friends and supporters of the College, to the point that a separate arm of the Friends of the Library came into existence: the Friends of the Music Collection. Nor was the new Music and Fine Arts Center Jac Holzman’s only gift to the College and its library. Not long after, it was further enhanced by a substantial donation of rare folk and rock music materials from Holzman’s personal collection, which resides in the Meem Library to this day.
In 1966 George Miller, an Annapolis graduate (AN’52) with eleven years of experience at the New York Public Library, became the next Santa Fe Head Librarian, staying on in this position through 1969 while also serving as a part-time tutor. Over the first four years of the new campus’s existence, its library holdings doubled in size, as the following archival data shows:
1965: 9,236 items
1966: 11,629 items
1967: 14,324 items
1968: 18,074 items
These numbers may seem small in light of the Meem Library’s current holdings of some 70,000 items, but for a library collection that literally began from nothing, they represent both the prodigious effort of these early librarians to quickly build a collection commensurate with the quality and breadth of our College’s curriculum, and also the generosity of many Santa Feans who donated works from their own personal libraries to help flesh out the College’s fledgling collection.
Alice Whelan, who arrived as a cataloguer in 1967, had previously worked at the Atlanta Public Library and later as Humanities Reference Room Librarian at the University of Maryland. After three years of cataloguing at St. John’s, and following an illness that compelled George Miller to resign, Mrs. Whelan became the Santa Fe campus’s third Head Librarian, supervising an Assistant Librarian, a Secretary, and a Reader’s Services Librarian. This was a position she would hold for more than a decade, until 1980, after which she would stay on for another two years as a part-time bibliographer and consultant.
Ms. Whelan’s correspondence, much of which remains in the archives, makes for interesting reading. As just one example–upon receipt of an unsolicited annual report of public school educational statistics from the office of Harry Wugalter, the New Mexico Secretary of Education, Ms. Whelan wrote back:
Dear Mr. Wugalter,
Thank you for the accompanying publications. They make an impressive corpus, and I am sure an invaluable source in the right place. However, inasmuch as St. John’s College has no courses in education, nor even education-related courses, they would find no use here whatsoever. I think them too valuable to lie unused and so am returning them.
You might note, on whatever list of institutions you keep, that St. John’s is an inappropriate recipient for such materials. We receive such publications from time to time, and I deplore the waste.
Respectfully yours, Alice H. Whelan
In 1968 a Friends of the Library group started up under the chairmanship of Richard Stern, a Santa Fe resident and novelist whose works include an Edgar Award winner and a thriller that later served as inspiration for the 1974 blockbuster film The Towering Inferno. Stern was an avid supporter of both the literary arts and the St. John’s Library, and for the next decade he would be responsible for arranging a steady stream of readings by contemporary writers running the gamut from children’s author Judy Blume and novelist John Knowles to science fiction writer Roger Zelazny and budding mystery writer Tony Hillerman, whose Navajo Tribal Police novels would go on to become national bestsellers over the next four decades. Stern’s Friends of the Library group served both to raise the local profile of the College and to raise money for additional Library book acquisitions. In a letter to a professional colleague at Marlboro College in Vermont, Alice Whelan wrote:
As to starting a Friends of the Library organization, the best advice I can offer is that you find a Dick Stern. Do you know him? It is really under his personal aegis that the whole thing has evolved. There was a Library Associated Committee even before the school was actually built, but it became really active only after he became chairman four years ago…. I think part of its success is due to the variety of ways of giving offered for potential donors. The lists of suggested specific titles have brought us some wonderful items we could not have had except as gifts. I try to make each year’s list represent as many subject areas as possible, over a wide range of prices. The Book-and-Author luncheons have been very popular. We have them in the largest dining room in Santa Fe, the New Mexico Room at the La Fonda, which seats three hundred. It is always very nearly filled….Another serendipitous benefit has been establishing relationships with many in the town who had never had a direct contact with the school before.